2015 CSCE Annual Conference Regina - Building on our Growth Opportunities Conference
Mr. Kamal Hossain, University of Waterloo
Dr. Liping Fu, University of Waterloo
Connected vehicle technologies are often touted for their potential applications to vehicle safety. However, these technologies also have the potential to contribute to a transportation system’s sustainability. Autonomous and connected vehicles provide traffic engineers with many opportunities for emissions reductions, from vehicle routing to a vehicle’s acceleration pattern. This paper presents the results of traffic and emissions micro-simulations that assess an emissions-based intersection approach driving pattern. A simple network was developed using the PTV VISSIM framework. Communication between vehicles and infrastructure on the network was modelled in the software, and vehicles made decisions on their desired acceleration and speeds based on an emissions reduction algorithm. The results of the PTV VISSIM model were fed into the USEPA’s MOVES2010b emissions model to generate an estimate of emissions for each associated scenario. The results of the study show that automated and connected vehicle technologies have the potential to reduce vehicle emissions.