2015 CSCE Annual Conference Regina - Building on our Growth Opportunities Conference
Ant nest is a construction body with a complex structure. Natural underground ant nests generally have good air circulation, appropriate temperature and relative humidity, with trees and natural barriers around. Also it has a good physical structure, pressure resistance, waterproof, thermal insulation and moisture effect. The paper first introduced the history and status quo of researches on the material and structure of ant nests and summarized the trend and dynamic of the researches. And then the characteristics of the site selection of underground ant nests were investigated and the interactions among underground ant nests, soil and environment were elaborated from two aspects of behavior characteristics of selecting nest sites and environmental characteristics of ant nests. Finally,the natural underground ant nests were obtained in different geological conditions.The 3D simulation diagram of the internal structure of the nests were made by frozen CNC milling and computer synthesis for the observation of structure characteristics of natural underground ant nests. The structure characteristics of underground any nests were used to preliminary study the bionic design of underground constructions, predict the application prospect of the structure of underground ant nests in civil engineering and propose the practical application value.