2019 CSCE Annual Conference - Laval (Greater Montreal) Conference
Dr. Ahmed Albayati
Dr. Osama Abudayyeh, Western Michigan University
Safety culture and safety climate have been of interest to researchers and practitioners since the tragic incident of the Chernobyl nuclear power station in 1986. Numerous research efforts have focused on expanding the industry understanding of these safety performance indicators. However, there still is a significant ambiguity over the definition and elements of construction safety culture and safety climate. It is also worth noting that both terminologies have been used interchangeably by many researchers, suggesting the need for more efforts to clarify this issue. Currently, there are several instruments that have been suggested to measure construction safety culture and climate. Yet, these instruments do not seem to appropriately account for the unique characteristics of the construction industry such as the continual change in the job site environment, the variety and diversity of specialty crafts working side by side, and the relatively short time projects. Accordingly, the goal of this study is to conduct a comprehensive investigation into the state of the art of safety culture and climate to assist in clarifying the vagueness in their definitions and the differences between them. The study has identified the performance indicators and suggests that the construction industry still needs more efforts to clarify and unify the definitions and elements of safety culture and safety climate. These findings will help in focusing future research efforts and in understanding the needed elements for properly evaluating construction safety culture and safety climates, which in turn will help in developing metrics that are relevant to the unique nature of construction sites.