2015 CSCE Annual Conference Regina - Building on our Growth Opportunities

2015 CSCE Annual Conference Regina - Building on our Growth Opportunities Conference


Title
A province-wide comparison of non-hazardous waste generation and recycling rates

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Author(s)
Mr. Nathan Bruce, University of Regina (Presenter)
Ms. Yu Wang, University of Regina
Dr. Kelvin T. W. Ng, University of Regina
Abstract

This paper presents a comparison of non-hazardous waste generation and diversion programs between Manitoba (MB) and Saskatchewan (SK) in Canada. Residential and non-residential waste data was compiled from Statistics Canada's waste reports covering biennial years between 1998 and 2010. SK and MB were selected due to their similarities in population, location, and climate. Studies in developing countries show that increased economic growth and population increases waste generation. Population has risen in the Prairie Provinces by 49% within the last 30 years, increasing the need for diversion programs. SK generated 15% more non-residential waste than MB on average, while MB's average residential waste generation was 17.5% higher than SK's. SK and MB's diversion rates were lower than the national average during the study period. Neither SK nor MB operated a publicly-funded curb-side recycling program during the study period, though major cities in both provinces have since implemented these programs. Centralized composting, electronic waste, and various recycling depot programs were implemented in SK and MB during the study period. Combining pay-as-you-throw waste programs with a recycling program has reduced waste disposal in some US communities by 25-45%, which may help increase diversion rates in SK and MB.