2019 CSCE Annual Conference - Laval (Greater Montreal) Conference
Dr. Gordon Lovegrove, University of British Columbia, Canada (Presenter)
Canadian cities have developed over the past few decades and over this period their contribution to the environment and the society are immense. According to Statistics Canada (2016), despite the efforts of Government, most of the Canadian big cities are expanding on faster pace on the peripheries. This growth pattern is causing cities to expand quickly in an undeveloped manner on the periphery causing urban sprawl. Studies show that there is a positive relation between sprawl and traffic crashes and fatalities rate due to the speed increase and vehicle miles travelled associated with sprawling. To minimize the effects of sprawl SMARTer Growth Grid Neighborhood (SSG) or previously known as the Fused Grid Sustainable Neighborhood (FG) was introduced. This study primarily focuses on the proactive road safety analysis of a neighborhood: Capri Land Mark, Kelowna, BC, Canada using the web-based tool Interactive High-Level Safety Planning Model (IHSPM), developed by the researchers of UBC Sustainable Transportation Safety Research Laboratory (STS). The study focuses on two objectives. Comparing the future-present and future-future street pattern and land use scenarios for the study location. For the present-future case the existing design will be compared with the design made following the SSG principal and for the future-future case the 2040 Capri Landmark concept plan will be compared with the SSG design. The future design for the 2040 Capri Landmark concept plan was developed to achieve the vision, to reform the land use mix to accommodate more people per area and realigning some roads to prioritize walking, biking and transit. For both cases the expected result is, SSG design will be safer for not only traffics but also for the pedestrians while achieving the sustainable neighborhood goals and it will balance the land use while maintain the quality of life. The expected result will also allow the researchers to recommend future retrofitting designs for the study location based on the SSG principle.